Tag Archives: Treatment

Dental Caries: Causes & Prevention

Dental Caries

Dental caries (decay) is a bacterial disease caused by dental plaque. It progresses when acid formed by bacteria from dietary fermentable carbohydrates diffuses into the tooth and dissolves the mineral which is called demineralization. Pathological factors including acid-producing bacteria, salivary dysfunction, and dietary carbohydrates develop caries. Dental caries can occur in both milk (primary) and […]

Nipah Virus Infection: All You Need to Know

The Nipah virus is named after a Malaysian village where it was first discovered. It is an emerging infectious disease of public health importance in the South-East Asia. Nipah virus is naturally found in bodies of fruit bats. Also, it is found in Lyle’s flying fox , and Horsfield’s roundleaf bat. Nipah virus has been […]

Pityriasis Rosea: Cause, Symptoms & Treatment

Pityriasis Rosea

Pityriasis Rosea (pit-ih-RIE-uh-sis) is also known as Pityriasis rosea is a condition causing the skin rash. Young adults, adolescents, and children are more commonly affected. Also rarely it might affect elderly of middle aged. Both sexes are involved equally. Cause It is proposed to be caused by a virus from herpesvirus group.Its seasonal occurrence in […]

Lichen Planus: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is an inflammatory disorder of the skin and mucous membrane. Lesions are dense, a band like (lichenoid) infiltrate in the upper dermis. Young adults are commonly affected but it can occur at any age. Both males and females are affected equally. Causes The cause of Lichen planus is unknown but it is believed […]

Albinism: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Albinism is a disorder of melanin production which is autosomal recessive. Melanin is the pigment responsible for the colour of normal skin which is produced by cells in the skin known as melanocytes. The pigment is also present in iris and retina of eyes and hair. In albinism, the number of melanocytes in the skin […]

Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Types & Treatment


Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder which is characterised by depigmented or hypopigmented patches. It occurs when melanocytes (cells responsible for normal pigmentation of the skin) either die or are unable to function leading to absence or reduction in its numbers. Cause The cause of vitiligo is unknown but research has shown that it may arise […]

Scabies: Cause, Symptoms & Treatment


Scabies (from Latin: scabere, “to scratch”) is a common ectoparasitic infestation caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Colloquially it is also known as the seven-year itch. Cause Scabies is classified by the WHO as a water-related disease. It is a contagious infection caused by mite Sarcoptes scabiei and is most commonly transmitted by direct skin-to-skin […]

Pediculosis: Cause, Symptoms & Treatment


Pediculosis is an ectoparasitic infestation caused by blood-feeding lice of the order Phthiraptera. Although pediculosis can infest any part of the body but term “Pediculosis” is used for head pediculosis. Causes & Types Pediculosis can be divided into following types based on their location and type of lice which causes it: Pediculosis capitis: Also known […]

Levothyroxine doesn’t Reduce Mortality in Subclinical Hypothyroidism


A recent finding of a clinical trial published in Endocrine Abstracts has shown that “In patients with subclinical hypothyroidism substitution with levothyroxine is not associated with lower all-cause mortality.” The study is based on a fact that “Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with a number of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diastolic dysfunction, […]

Effectiveness of Estradiol & Venlafaxine for Vasomotor Symptoms


Estrogen therapy is a gold standard treatment for hot flashes and night sweats in women but some women are unable or unwilling due to side effects associated with estrogen therapy. Side effects includes headaches, nausea, vaginal discharge, vaginal spotting, painful menstruation, fluid retention, swelling of ankles and legs, abdominal cramps, bloatedness, weight gain, breast tenderness, […]